How to Replace timing belt on Citroen C1 1.4 HDi B0

Citroen

Replacement Interval Guide

  • Citroen recommend:
  • 12,500 mile service intervals – replacement every 150,000 miles or 10 years under normal conditions or 120,000 miles or 10 years under adverse conditions.
  • 20,000 mile service intervals – replacement every 160,000 miles or 10 years under normal conditions or 112,500 miles or 10 years under adverse conditions.
  • The previous use and service history of the vehicle must always be taken into account.

Check For Engine Damage

CAUTION: This engine has been identified as an INTERFERENCE engine in which the possibility of valve-to-piston damage in the event of a timing belt failure is MOST LIKELY to occur. A compression check of all cylinders should be performed before removing the cylinder head.

Repair Times – hrs

Remove & install:
C1/C2/C3 I/II/C3 Pluriel2,70
C3 III2,30

Special Tools

  • Auxiliary drive belt tensioner tool – Citroen No.(-).0194.E/E3.
  • Auxiliary drive belt tensioner locking tool – Citroen No.(-).0194.F.
  • Camshaft sprocket locking tool – Citroen No.(-).0194.B.
  • Crankshaft/high-pressure fuel pump sprocket aligning tool – Citroen No.(-).0194.A.
  • Exhaust pipe clamp removal tool – Citroen No.C.193-A.
  • Flywheel locking tool – Citroen No.(-).0194.C.
  • C3 III: Set of blanking plugs – Citroen No.(-).0194-T.
 

Special Precautions

  • Disconnect battery earth lead.
  • DO NOT turn crankshaft or camshaft when timing belt removed.
  • Remove glow plugs to ease turning engine.
  • Turn engine in normal direction of rotation (unless otherwise stated).
  • DO NOT turn engine via camshaft or other sprockets.
  • Observe all tightening torques.

Removal

How to Replace timing belt on Citroen C1 1.4 HDi B0
  1. Raise and support front of vehicle.
  2. Remove:
      • C2/C3: RH front wheel.
      • RH inner wing panel.
      • C1: RH headlamp.
      • C1/C3 III: Auxiliary drive belt. Use tool Nos.(-).0194.E3/F.
      • C2/C3 I/II/Pluriel: Auxiliary drive belt. Use tool No.(-).0194.E.
  3. C1: Remove screws retaining coolant expansion tank. Move coolant expansion tank to one side.
  4. C3 III: Disconnect and seal off fuel pipes. Use tool No.(-).0194-T.
  5. Disconnect wiring harness from timing belt upper cover.
  6. Remove:
      • Timing belt upper cover [1] .
      • Exhaust downpipe. C1: Use tool No.C.193-A.
      • Blanking plug from bell housing.
  7. Turn crankshaft until flywheel locking tool can be inserted.
  8. Fit flywheel locking tool. Tool No.(-).0194.C [2] .
  9. Remove:
      • Crankshaft pulley bolt [3] .
      • Crankshaft pulley [4] .
      • Timing belt lower cover [5] .
      • Crankshaft position (CKP) sensor.
      • Timing belt guide [6] .
      • Flywheel locking tool [2] .
  10. Support engine.
  11. Remove RH engine mounting and bracket.
  12. Fit crankshaft pulley bolt [3] .
  13. Turn crankshaft slowly clockwise until camshaft sprocket timing hole aligned [7] .
  14. Fit camshaft sprocket locking tool. Tool No.(-).0194.B [7] .
  15. Insert crankshaft aligning tool. Tool No.(-).0194.A [8] .
  16. Insert high-pressure fuel pump sprocket aligning tool [9] . Tool No.(-).0194.A.
  17. Slacken tensioner pulley bolt [10] .
  18. Remove timing belt.NOTE: Ensure crankshaft position (CKP) sensor reluctor is not damaged.

Installation

  1. Check tensioner pulley, guide pulley and water pump sprocket for smooth operation.
  2. Ensure camshaft sprocket locking tool located correctly [7] .
  3. Ensure high-pressure fuel pump sprocket aligning tool located correctly [9] .
  4. Ensure crankshaft aligning tool located correctly [8] .
  5. C2/C3 I/II/C3 Pluriel: Fit timing belt in following order:
      • Crankshaft sprocket.
      • Guide pulley.
      • Camshaft sprocket.
      • Water pump sprocket.
      • High-pressure fuel pump sprocket.
      • Tensioner pulley.
  6. CI/C3 III: Fit timing belt in following order:
      • Crankshaft sprocket.
      • Guide pulley.
      • Camshaft sprocket.
      • High-pressure fuel pump sprocket.
      • Water pump sprocket.
      • Tensioner pulley.
  7. Turn tensioner pulley anti-clockwise until pointer aligned in window [11] . Use Allen key.
  8. Tighten tensioner pulley bolt to 23 Nm [10] .
  9. Remove:
      • Camshaft sprocket locking tool [7] .
      • Crankshaft aligning tool [8] .
      • High-pressure fuel pump sprocket aligning tool [9] .
  10. C1/C2/C3 I/II/C3 Pluriel: Turn crankshaft slowly ten turns clockwise.
  11. C3 III: Turn crankshaft slowly six turns clockwise.NOTE: Ensure crankshaft sprocket remains in position.
  12. Insert:
      • Camshaft sprocket locking tool [7] .
      • Crankshaft aligning tool [8] .
      • High-pressure fuel pump sprocket aligning tool [9] .
  13. If tools cannot be inserted: Repeat installation procedure.
  14. Ensure tensioner pulley pointer aligned in window [11] .
  15. If not: Repeat installation procedure.
  16. Remove:
      • Camshaft sprocket locking tool [7] .
      • Crankshaft aligning tool [8] .
      • High-pressure fuel pump sprocket aligning tool [9] .
  17. Fit flywheel locking tool [2] .
  18. Remove crankshaft pulley bolt [3] .
  19. Fit:
      • Crankshaft position (CKP) sensor.
      • Timing belt guide [6] .
      • Timing belt lower cover [5] .
      • Crankshaft pulley [4] .
      • Crankshaft pulley bolt [3] .
  20. Tighten crankshaft pulley bolt [3] . Tightening torque: 35 Nm + 190°.
  21. Remove flywheel locking tool [2] .
  22. Install components in reverse order of removal.
0 0 vote
Article Rating
Bent Valves
Timing Tools?
Misconception
Need More?
Bent Valves

What happens when your chain or belt breaks. 

The timing of course becomes way off. Your crankshaft will always spin making the pistons move up and down. However the valves will remain in the position they were in when the belt or chain stopped working. 

Half of the valves will be stuck open and in the way of the pistons. Not all engines, but most. The piston out of valve time will smash right into the open valve and bend the, The only way to fix that is to remove the head and place those valves. 

If you think your valves might have been damaged.

Remove all the spark plugs, valve covers. With both valves in the closed position insert a compression tester hose in place of the spark plug and inject air into the hose and see if the cylinder can hold air. If both valve are closed and air can not be held, chances are you have bent valves.   

 

Timing Tools?

Do you need special tools to time your engine? Not always, on all my post I'll indicate that in each post if you do or not. 

But what are these special tools? Normally you would just line up some marks on the cam and crank gears and simply be done with it. However when these tools are needed they are very very important. 

The last one I did was a 2013 Range Rover 2.0 Turbo with dual cams. There were not timing marks at all. 

There is a small threaded plug on the back of the engine that I removed to insert a special threaded pin that would rest up against the weight of the crankshaft to prevent for DTC of the #1 piston. No further clockwise rotation would be possible. At that point I installed the supplied crankshaft lock by removing the starter. 

Then you line up the back of both camshafts to a notch in each camshafts to each other that a flat tool connects to each cam so they are in line with each other. But first you would make sure both intake and exhaust valves are closed DTC of the cams. 

And the last tool was to lineup the crankshaft position sensor. 

 

Misconception

The most important thing in any major engine work is to rotate the engine by hand at least two complete rotations. And do it easy and slow and with the spark plugs removed. 

Why remove the spark plugs? you may ask. Simple, with the plugs in place you'll be creating compression, making the engine harder to turn by hand and perhaps giving you the misconception of valves hitting the pistons or is it compression.  

Need More?
Subscribe
Notify of
guest
0 Comments
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments